Characterisation is the process of creating and developing a character in a story. This can be done through their actions, dialogue, and thoughts, as well as how they are described by the narrator.

Authors use characterisation to create rounded, believable characters that the reader can empathize with, or dislike as the plot requires.

Good characterisation is essential to any story, as it helps to create a connection between the reader and the characters. It can also be used to further the plot, by providing information about the characters' motivations and backstories.

Characterization happens whenever an author employs specifics to reveal information about a person to us. It is a writing technique known as a "literary device." This is employed throughout a story to communicate the storyline.

History of characterization

The term "characterization" was originally used by Aristotle in the 15th century when he stated in Poetics that "Tragedy is depiction, not of individuals, but of activity and life." He is implying that a "tragedy" (or "drame," which is a narrative) is not focused on the characters' ideas, history, or dreams. Because the action of the story is focused on what happens to the characters, writers use characterization to convey details about their thoughts, pasts, and dreams without deviating from the action.


In conclusion, characterisation is a vital tool for any author. It can help to create believable, relatable characters that the reader can invest in, and it can also be used to further the plot. When done well, characterisation can make a story truly great.