Opening and closing

Opening and closing are two important concepts in grammar. They are related to the idea of a sentence, which is a complete thought. A sentence must have a subject and a verb, and it must express a complete thought

A sentence can also have a direct object, an indirect object, and/or a prepositional phrase. The opening of a sentence is the part that comes before the subject. The closing of a sentence is the part that comes after the verb.


There are four main types of sentences: declarative, imperative, interrogative, and exclamatory. A declarative sentence makes a statement and ends with a period. An imperative sentence gives a command and ends with a period. An interrogative sentence asks a question and ends with a question mark. An exclamatory sentence shows strong emotion and ends with an exclamation point. 

The opening and closing of a sentence are important because they set the tone for the entire sentence. If the opening is too long, the sentence may sound like a run-on. If the closing is too short, the sentence may sound incomplete.


In general, it is best to keep your sentences concise and to the point. This means using as few words as possible while still conveying your meaning. When in doubt, err on the side of brevity. An open composition is, as you may have guessed, the exact opposite of a closed composition. Where closed composition is often about static subjects and a sense of stability and consistency, an open composition is in one way or another dynamic. You can also download our app SpeakoClub from the playstore or visit our website.