In English grammar, an indirect object is the word or phrase that receives the direct object. In the sentence The teacher gave the students cake, the indirect object is the students.
An indirect object is a noun or pronoun that indicates to or for whom something is done. In other words, it answers the question: To whom or for whom?
Most of the time, you can identify the indirect object by looking for a preposition before the noun or pronoun. For example, in the sentence "I gave my brother a book," the indirect object is "brother." The preposition "to" is not necessary to identify the indirect object.
However, sometimes the preposition is not present. In the sentence "She showed me her new car," the word "me" is the indirect object. The word "her" is the direct object. Because there is no preposition, we have to look at the verb to identify the indirect object. The verb in this sentence is "showed."
Some common prepositions that are used with indirect objects are: to, for, with, and by.
Here are some examples of sentences with indirect objects: