Abbreviations and punctuation

If you’re not sure whether it’s ‘Mr’ or ‘Mr.’, then check out our guidelines that set out the different rules of punctuation in abbreviations.
Definition of abbreviations-

The process of shortening something, usually a word or phrase, or the shortened version itself, is known as abbreviation. Mr. is an abbreviation for "Mister," NASA is an abbreviation for "National Aeronautics and Space Administration," and so on (hey, that's also an abbreviation).

Types of abbreviations-

There are various types of abbreviations. Some words are followed by a period (.) to indicate that they have been shortened. Acronyms, such as DNA, SAT, or NATO, are abbreviations formed from the first letters of a series of words and are written in all capital letters. And don't be confused: if your friend requests an abbreviation of his speech, he won't shorten each word; he'll simply leave out the details.

Examples of abbreviations-

  • noun shortening something by omitting parts of it type of: shortening

        act of decreasing in length

  • noun a shortened form of a word or phrase



        abbreviation of a word by omitting the final sound or sounds

        type of:

        descriptor, form, signifier, word form

        the phonological or orthographic sound or appearance of word that can be used to describe or identify something

Definition of punctuation-

We use pauses and voice pitch to make what we say clear. Punctuation serves a similar purpose in writing, making it easier to read. 

Punctuation is made up of both rules and conventions. There are punctuation rules that must be followed, but there are also punctuation conventions that allow writers more freedom.

Examples of punctuation-
  • Dr David James is the compounder at Leeds City Hospital.
  • They are planning a holiday in New Zealand.
  • Oliver’ is a musical based on the novel ‘Oliver Twist’ by Charles Dickens.
  • The Forward Times is a daily English language newspaper in Singapore.