A Guide to Writing Dialogue, with Examples -CEFR

Any kind of creative writing where characters communicate, such as a short story, poetry, novel, drama, film, or personal essay, uses dialogue.
  • Dialogue has several uses. Characterizing your characters is one of them. Reread the aforementioned instances and consider the characteristics of each character. The way someone speaks may reveal a lot about their attitude, background, degree of comfort in their present circumstance, emotional state, and level of skill.
  • Exposure, or providing background knowledge, is another function of discourse. Readers can't be given all the exposition they require to comprehend the storyline of a tale up front. Adding speech to the narrative exposition is a powerful approach to enlighten readers about the storyline and setting.
For example
  1. “Get back in here!”, Jake told his younger brother who was playing near the swimming pool
  2. “May I come into the class?” asked the student.

Types of dialogue

Inner dialogue and exterior dialogue are the two main forms of dialogue that writers use in their work.

  • Inner dialogue is the conversation a character conducts with themselves. This internal conversation may be a monologue. Inner dialogue is typically not enclosed in quotation marks. Some writers use italics to denote internal discussion.
  • The term "outside dialogue" refers to verbal exchanges between two or more characters that take place in public. The conversation that appears between quote marks is this.


A monologue is a single, typically long speech uttered by one character as opposed to conversation. Many plays have monologues.

The character can be talking to the reader or spectator directly or they might be talking to another character or characters. A monologue is characterized by the fact that it is one character's opportunity to speak for themselves and/or share their views.