What is pathos? -CEFR

Pathos is a plea made to an audience’s feelings that allows you to evoke feelings.

The CEFR categorises language proficiency into six levels, A1–C2, which can be further subdivided based on the needs of the local context. Levels are defined by 'can-do' descriptors. The levels did not appear out of nowhere in 2001, but rather evolved over time, as described below.


Pathos is one of the 3 number one modes of persuasion, in conjunction with emblems and ethos. Pathos is additionally a key issue of literature which, like maximum different sorts of art, is designed to encourage emotion from its readers.


Pathos is at first a greek phrase meaning “suffering” or “experience”. The idea of pathos as a style of persuasion originated with the Greek logician Aristotle. In his book Rhetoric, Aristotle describes 3 number one modes of persuasion: pathos, egos and logos. Aristotle writes that pathos is a method of awakening people’s feelings to be able to sway their opinion in the direction of that of the speaker. 


Based on these accomplishments, the CEFR has developed a description of the process of mastering an unknown language by type of competence and sub-competence, using descriptors for each competence or sub-competence, which we will not go into further detail here. These descriptors were developed without regard for any particular language, ensuring their relevance and universal applicability. The descriptors describe each skill's progressive mastery, which is graded on a six-level scale (A1, A2, B1, B2, C1, C2). For further information you can visit SpeakoClub and improve your knowledge about CEFR.