Chicago style vs. other citation formats:

Both styles include the last name of the author and a page number in parentheses for the in-text citation. APA Style also includes the year of publication of the source, but Chicago (Turabian) Style does not. Chicago (Turabian) Style also allows the use of footnotes, rather than in-text citations, to cite your sources.
  • There are numerous style manuals available, some of them are exclusive to specialized and specific fields. 
  • The Economist Style Guide, for instance, is frequently used in reports and academic papers in economics and other subjects with a financial focus. 
  • The MLA and APA manuals are the other style guides that students are most likely to be familiar with.

  • The Chicago Manual of Style will probably be used if you pursue graduate studies. 
  • Chicago style differs from most other style manuals in having more variables. 
  • For instance, Chicago has formatting requirements if you do add a title page even though it is not required. 
  • Similar to headings and subheads, there are no strict rules that must be followed, although CMOS offers suggestions.