Proofreading is the final stage of the writing process when the paper is evaluated for mechanical correctness, such as grammar, punctuation, spelling, omitted words, repeated words, spacing and format, and typographical errors.

In general, editing is regarded as the last stage of writing before publishing. However, the editing stage involves a variety of editing techniques, all of which are meant to polish the written work into a clear and error-free form. Copy editing and proofreading are two forms of editing that are frequently conflated. Although both forms of editing improve writing, they also bring something unique to the table.

What is proofreading?

Before the work is published, proofreading is done after the copy editor has finished. The classic typesetting procedure is where the name of this phase comes from. A manuscript or book would be generated as a "galley proof" before several copies of it were printed. Before sending these proofs to print, proofreaders would go over them to find and correct any errors. A proofreader is a specialist editor whose job it is to check the copy's mechanics.

In contrast to copy editing, proofreading is tasked with correcting any mechanical errors that were missed throughout the editing process. Proofreaders are more concerned that the words on the page seem as they should rather than if the claims and ideas are coherent and flowing.

Understanding the distinction between copy editing and proofreading may help you improve your editing process, whether you're self-editing your work, sending your manuscript to editors for review, or looking over an author's draught.


Proofreaders are in charge of addressing on-page items as well as any mechanical or minute errors that could have escaped the editing process. These might include misplaced graphic elements like a table or chart, mismatched headers and subheads, page breaks and page numbers, and other formatting errors.  You can also download our app from the playstore or visit our website.