10 common themes in writing -CEFR

A book's central theme can be anything the author chooses to focus on. Certainly, courage, death, friendship, revenge, and love are five themes that abound. Let's take a closer look at these common themes, as well as some interesting examples from popular works of fiction.
  1. One of the most frequent topics, perhaps, is judgment. Whether the offense is actual or is just seen as transgression by others, a character in these stories is condemned for being different or acting wrong. Classic books like "The Scarlet Letter," "The Hunchback of Notre Dame," and "To Kill a Mockingbird" all demonstrate this. These stories show that justice and judgment are not necessarily synonymous.
  2. Conflict and peace: Authors often explore the paradox between peace and war. The protagonists are frequently engrossed in the chaos of battle while longing for days of calm or thinking back on the happy times before the war. Some books, like "Gone With the Wind," focus on the actual conflict itself, while others portray it before, during, and after. A few examples include Ernest Hemingway's "For Whom the Bell Tolls," "The Boy in the Striped Pajamas," and "All Quiet on the Western Front."
  3. Love: You will discover innumerable illustrations of the topic of the universal truth of love throughout literature. They also go beyond those seductive romance books.
  4. Heroism: Whether it is fake heroism or real heroic deeds, books with this topic frequently present contrasting moral standards. Greek classical literature contains many instances of it, with Homer's "The Odyssey" acting as the ideal illustration. More modern tales like "The Three Musketeers" and "The Hobbit" also contain it.
  5. Another well-liked topic is the coexistence of good and evil. It frequently coexists with many of these other themes, including love, war, and judgment. This serves as the main subject in books like the "Harry Potter" and "Lord of the Rings" series. The book "The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe" is another iconic illustration.
  6. A compelling survival narrative is one in which the protagonists must overcome overwhelming obstacles in order to survive another day. This applies to nearly every work by Jack London since his protagonists frequently confront nature. Another book where life and death play a significant role in the plot is "Lord of the Flies."
  7. There are two types of suffering: internal and external. Both are common themes and are frequently entwined with others. A novel like "Crime and Punishment" by Fyodor Dostoevsky is rife with sorrow and remorse. One who enjoys "Oliver Twist" by Charles Dickens focuses more on the suffering at physical levels.
  8. Deception: This subject has a variety of manifestations. Physical or social deception is all about hiding information from other people. For instance, "The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn" has a lot of falsehoods, and many of William Shakespeare's plays deal with lying in some way. Every mystery book has some form of deceit.
  9. Coming of age: Growing up is difficult, which is why "coming of age" themes are prevalent in so many works of literature. Children or young adults in this story grow through a variety of experiences and gain important life lessons. This subject is effectively used in books like "The Outsiders" and "The Catcher in the Rye."
  10. The idea that life begins with birth and ends with death is not novel to authors; many of them use it as inspiration for their works' topics. Immortality may be explored by some, as in "The Picture of Dorian Gray." Others, like "The Death of Ivan Ilych" by Leo Tolstoy, use shock to make a character accept that death is inevitable. A tale like "The Curious Case of Benjamin Button" by F. Scott Fitzgerald entirely flips the circle of life motif.